Yojana Magazine Summary of February 2024 - Artificial Intelligence

Yojana Magazine Summary of February 2024 - Artificial Intelligence

February issue of Yojana Magazine talks about Artificial Intelligence in India

Yojana Magazine, a monthly publication, serves as an invaluable resource for aspirants preparing for the UPSC examination. Emanating from the government itself, it offers an authoritative and authentic source of information pertaining to major schemes and programs spanning diverse domains.

Our exclusive Gist of Yojana caters specifically to the needs of IAS aspirants, providing a concise and focused compilation of the magazine's content, meticulously curated to facilitate effective preparation for the esteemed civil services examination.

1. India’s Vision for Harnessing AI for Global Good


India's ambitious initiative, 'IndiaAI', stands at the forefront of the nation's journey towards digital transformation, actively shaping the landscape of AI's role within the country. This vision is geared towards supporting AI startups and developing practical solutions to address real-world challenges across various sectors.

The Evolution of AI:

AI has transcended from a mere theoretical concept to a tangible force that profoundly impacts lives. With innovations such as generative AI, expansive language models, and multi-billion-parameter models, India recognizes AI as a pivotal enabler for its burgeoning digital economy.

Shifts in the AI Landscape:

Breakthroughs in AI are occurring with increasing frequency, driven by advancements in GPU technology, enhanced computing power, and substantial investments by tech giants. India's official entry into the AI age marks a period of rapid and exponential progress within the nation.

India’s Approach to AI Governance:

India advocates for clear guidelines to address bias and misuse during model training, prioritizing responsible AI practices over regulatory intervention at specific developmental stages. Prime Minister Narendra Modi underscores India's commitment to leveraging AI for societal welfare while ensuring its safety and trustworthiness.

Global Partnership on AI (GPAI) Summit 2023:

India hosted the GPAI Summit 2023, which aimed to bridge the gap between AI theory and practical applications while fostering collaboration among nations. Key pillars of the summit included inclusive technology, collaborative AI, and the promotion of safe and trusted AI systems.

Vision of India Techade:

The India Techade vision seeks to propel India into becoming the world's fastest-growing innovation economy, with technology acting as a catalyst. Through policies under the Digital India initiative, India has nurtured a vibrant digital economy, giving rise to numerous startups and over 108 unicorns.

The Mission of IndiaAI:

IndiaAI is dedicated to supporting the AI startup ecosystem and developing practical applications across sectors such as healthcare, agriculture, language translation, and governance. The mission prioritizes AI research, infrastructure development, and talent cultivation.

Global Governance Framework:

India advocates for a global governance framework that prioritizes the safety and trustworthiness of AI, while promoting inclusive technology and ethical AI use. This involves setting principles and guidelines for platforms to ensure responsible AI deployment.


India's vision for harnessing AI for global good encompasses fostering innovation, ensuring AI safety and trustworthiness, and promoting collaboration among nations. Initiatives like IndiaAI and events such as the GPAI Summit 2023 position India to play a pivotal role in shaping the future of AI on the global stage.

2. AI in Indian Governance and Public Services


Artificial Intelligence (AI) has garnered substantial attention globally, fueled by recent breakthroughs such as Generative AI (GenAI) and innovations like ChatGPT developed by OpenAI. India, through its comprehensive digital transformation initiatives under the ‘Digital India’ program, is poised to harness AI for governance and public service delivery.

India’s Strategic Position:

India's strategic initiatives, including the India Stack projects, have positioned the country to effectively integrate AI into governance for enhanced efficiency and innovation. Reports indicate that AI, particularly GenAI, could potentially contribute up to 1.5 trillion dollars to India’s GDP by 2030.

Government’s Approach:

The Government of India prioritizes the inclusive adoption of AI, with a focus on productivity gains, citizen engagement, and building public trust. The National Programme on Artificial Intelligence (NPAI) encompasses crucial interventions such as the National Data Management Office (NDMO), National Centre on AI (NCAI), Skilling for AI, and Responsible AI initiatives.

Integration of AI in Public Services:

The integration of AI enhances efficiency, decision-making, and citizen engagement across various sectors including education, healthcare, agriculture, and urban governance. Initiatives such as UMANG, Digi Yatra, and Digital India Bhashini exemplify AI’s transformative impact on citizen services and accessibility.

Key Government Initiatives:

UMANG provides a unified platform for accessing e-government services, augmented with a voice-based chatbot for inclusivity. DigiYatra revolutionizes the air travel experience through biometric-based boarding, enhancing both security and efficiency. Digital India Bhashini promotes multilingualism and accessibility through AI-driven language translation.

Initiatives in areas like image recognition for urban governance and AI-based pest management in agriculture highlight AI’s pivotal role in infrastructure monitoring and enhancing crop yields.

Applications in Healthcare and Agriculture:

AI applications such as DRDO’s ATMAN AI and AI-based pest management systems showcase AI’s potential in healthcare diagnosis and agriculture yield enhancement. AI-driven attendance monitoring systems like Shiksha Setu improve transparency and efficiency in education.

Ethical Considerations and Legislation:

India is focused on establishing ethical frameworks and legislation to prevent AI misuse and ensure responsible deployment. Initiatives like the Digital Personal Data Protection Act and National Data Governance Policy aim to safeguard citizen privacy and enhance data governance.

Global Leadership and Collaboration:

India aims to lead global efforts on AI cooperation, advocating for inclusive governance frameworks aligned with Prime Minister Modi’s vision. Its leadership role in global forums like GPAI underscores its commitment to promoting trustworthy AI for the benefit of all.


India’s strategic integration of AI in governance and public services underscores its dedication to leveraging technology for inclusive socio-economic development. With a multi-stakeholder approach and a strong emphasis on ethical considerations, India is poised to lead global efforts in promoting responsible AI for the betterment of humanity.

3. Unlocking the Potential and Challenges of Generative AI

Introduction to Generative AI:

Generative AI, a subset of deep learning, possesses the ability to produce diverse content forms such as text, imagery, and audio. Its applications range from specialized chatbots assisting governments in disseminating information on policies and schemes to creative content generation.

Impact and Adoption of Generative AI:

Generative AI, epitomized by innovations like OpenAI’s ChatGPT, has garnered widespread attention and adoption across various sectors. Market forecasts suggest exponential growth, with projections indicating a doubling every two years over the next decade.

Understanding Generative AI and its Applications:

Generative AI relies on supervised learning methods applied to labeled data, enabling it to perform tasks such as brainstorming, summarization, and customer service. Examples of its applications include generating press releases, summarizing emails, and facilitating customer inquiries through chatbots.

Concerns Surrounding Generative AI:

Challenges associated with Generative AI encompass issues like gender bias, concerns about job displacement, the spread of misinformation, plagiarism, and the lack of transparency and user explainability. Implementing AI responsibly entails prioritizing fairness, transparency, privacy, security, and ethical data usage.

Frameworks for Responsible AI:

Governments and organizations are developing frameworks for responsible AI, such as NITI Aayog’s “Responsible AI for All.” Cultivating a culture of discussion and brainstorming aids in identifying and addressing potential ethical dilemmas.

Potential of Generative AI:

Despite the challenges, Generative AI holds immense promise in providing intelligent insights into global issues such as climate change and pandemics. Responsible AI deployment has the potential to contribute to longer, healthier, and more fulfilling lives worldwide.


Generative AI presents significant opportunities while posing challenges related to ethics, bias, and transparency. Responsible implementation and ongoing dialogue are imperative to harness its benefits while mitigating risks, ultimately contributing to the well-being of society as a whole.

4. Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Media

Introduction to AI Journalism:

AI journalism, powered by algorithms and machine learning, is reshaping news generation and data analysis, bringing about a paradigm shift in media houses. Despite initial concerns, AI has emerged as a potent tool for fact-checking and real-time cross-verification of vast amounts of data.

Evolution of Media in Society:

Traditional media's role in informing, educating, and entertaining society has evolved alongside technological advancements. The emergence of various content generation and dissemination platforms has bridged the gap between creators and consumers.

Pros and Cons of Digital Platforms:

Digital platforms offer instant access to information but often lack the traditional processes of curation, editing, and publishing. AI-driven algorithms prioritize interactivity and visual appeal, leading to personalized content delivery based on user data.

Role of AI in Journalism and Content Creation:

AI-powered data labeling and annotation are enhancing the reliability and accessibility of news content. Data journalism, algorithm journalism, and automated journalism are revolutionizing the production and dissemination of news.

Impact Across Media Industries:

AI tools are transforming various media industries, including music arrangement, book publishing, digital storytelling, and visual arts. However, concerns persist regarding content verification, contextual accuracy, linguistic nuances, and privacy implications.

Challenges and Future Outlook:

Challenges such as deepfakes, misinformation, and ethical dilemmas loom over AI-driven media. Nevertheless, the undeniable influence of AI on human existence heralds the era of synthetic media and enriched user experiences.


The convergence of AI and media marks a significant shift towards synthetic experiences. Despite challenges, embracing AI-driven innovation promises to reshape media consumption and production, offering new opportunities for both producers and consumers.

5. Cyber Security Challenges in the Era of AI

Understanding the Landscape:

India's rapid digital expansion has exposed vulnerabilities, resulting in over 1 billion cyberattacks in 2023. While integrating AI into cybersecurity offers automated threat detection, it also introduces new risks like deepfake creation and automated malware development.

Unique Challenges for India:

India encounters challenges such as a significant digital divide, fragmented cybersecurity infrastructure, data privacy concerns, and a shortage of cybersecurity professionals.

Addressing the Challenges:

A comprehensive approach is necessary, involving the establishment of a robust cybersecurity ecosystem, investment in AI-powered solutions, promotion of digital literacy, and development of a strong legal framework.

Focus areas for AI integration include threat detection and response, vulnerability management, fraud prevention, and cybercrime investigation.

Call to Action:

Collaboration among government, private sector, academia, and civil society is vital for creating a secure cyber environment. Responsible AI development, transparency, and international cooperation are crucial for effectively combating cyber threats.

Additional Considerations:

Ethical implications of AI in cybersecurity demand careful examination, including transparency, accountability, and human oversight. Continuous research and development are essential to stay ahead of evolving cyber threats and devise innovative solutions.


By addressing vulnerabilities and harnessing AI capabilities responsibly, India can ensure a secure digital future for its citizens and contribute to global cybersecurity readiness.